No matter how much we try to avoid it, small doses of radiation seem to be everywhere – from computer monitors, television sets, and airport body scanners to nuclear power plants, smoke detectors, and dental x-rays. According to the latest estimates, an average person in the U.S. receives an effective dose (the radiation risk averaged over the entire body) of about 3 millisievert (mSv) per year just from natural sources and cosmic radiation. Remember, these natural “background” radiation doses vary widely from one part of the country to another.

 

What Can Patients Do to Help Themselves?

Radiation exposure should be limited whenever possible. Still, when a CT scan is deemed critical, patients should get it, even if CT Scan Radiation will be a concern. “Those [radiation] doses just are not really significant at this point compared to the benefit of extending lives, saving lives and improving the quality of lives,” says Dr. Ellenbogen of the American College of Radiology, also a radiologist at SouthwestDiagnostic Imaging Center in Dallas.

 

While you can’t go back in time to calculate the doses of radiation received in the past, you can certainly take steps moving forward. For example, many are now only considering procedures such as dental X-rays and additional CT scans if there is a cause for concern – not just for preventive reasons anymore.

 

Radiation Exposure Estimates

The chart below is a comparison of effective radiation dose with background radiation exposure. The effective doses are typical values for an average-sized adult, and the actual dose can vary substantially, based on a person’s size for instance.

 

CT procedure: Estimated effective radiation dose: Comparable to natural background radiation for: * Risk level from examination:
ABDOMINAL REGION:
Abdomen and Pelvis 10 mSv 3 years Low
Abdomen and Pelvis, repeated with & without contrast material 20 mSv 7 years Moderate
Colonography 10 mSv 3 years Low
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM:
Head 2 mSv 8 months Very Low
Head, repeated with and without contrast material 4 mSv 16 months Low
Spine 6 mSv 2 years Low
CHEST:
Chest 7 mSv 2 years Low
Chest Low Dose 1.5 mSv 6 months Very Low
HEART:
Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) 12 mSv 4 years Low
Cardiac CT for Calcium Scoring 3 mSv 1 year Low
 

Risk Level *Approximate additional risk of fatal cancer from exam (adult):
Negligible: less than 1 in 1,000,000
Minimal: 1 in 1,000,000 to 1 in 100,000
Very Low: 1 in 100,000 to 1 in 10,000
Low: 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 1000
Moderate: 1 in 1000 to 1 in 500
Chart derived from: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/safety/index.cfm?pg=sfty_xray

 

 

Remember, there are ways radiation exposure can be fine-tuned to help lower radiation levels. Those who use radiology equipment must be adequately trained in equipment operation and radiation safety principles to protect the patients and personnel that are subject to exposure.

 

Call me with any questions you may have about CT safety or CT equipment.

 

Posted by:

Nathan Welch
MRI, CT & PET/CT Specialist
407.438.7847
Nathan@amberusa.com

 

References:
http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/08/20/medical-radiation-soars-with-risks-often-overlooked/

http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/safety/index.cfm?pg=sfty_xray

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303410404577468950681647544.html?_requestid=572078

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